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Reverse Deep Drawing

Reverse deep drawing of sheet metal parts is a special deep drawing process. It is done on a pre-drawn sheet of metal. The term reverse is used because this drawing is done in reverse or can say in the opposite direction of the previous draw.

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This is how reverse deep drawing works. First a piece of metal sheet is fixed on a die and plunger is used to do an initial draw. This initial draw is not much deep and does have a specific semi spherical shape. 

After this, that specific piece of sheet is taken and fixed again on a new die but in a manner that the previously drawn shape is directed upward, toward the plunder. Now the plunger is used to apply force and reverse the initial draw to develop a new deep draw. 

This new deep draw has a specific shape as per the product requirement. At the end of this process the inside surface of the initial draw became the outside surface of the new draw.

The main reason why reverse deep drawing is done is that it produces wrinkle-less and smoother wall surfaces.

Advantages of Reverse Deep Drawing Process

Advantages of Reverse Deep Drawing Process

Material Savings

Reverse deep drawing process allows a greater material utilization as compared to other traditional deep drawing processes like round deep drawing or rectangular deep drawing process. The process minimizes the amount of material wasted in scrap and even that scrap is not contaminated due to the nature of the process.

Enhanced Forming Capabilities

The deep drawing process enables the formation of complex shapes with intricate details. It can fabricate those shapes that might be challenging or impossible to achieve using other deep drawing techniques like round, rectangular, and cylindrical.

Improved Surface Finish

Reverse deep drawing process can develop better and smoother surface finishes on the final formed shape. This is due to the absence of friction between the blank and the die. The space between blank and die results in less friction and thus in a higher-quality final product.

Reduced Tool Wear 

As in reverse deep drawing the blank is drawn from the inside out. There is less friction between the blank and the die. This reduced wear leads to reduced wear on the tooling. This potentially extends the lifespan of the reverse deep drawing dies.

Increased Structural Integrity

Parts drawn through a reverse deep drawing process offers greater structural integrity. They have higher strength especially in regions that undergo severe deformation. This is due to the compressive reverse forces applied during the reverse deep drawing process.


Disadvantages of Reverse Deep Drawing Process

Complex Tooling 

Reverse deep drawing requires specialized and complex dies and plunger design. The inverse dies and punches are more complex and expensive to design and manufacture. These are also difficult to maintain compared to traditional deep drawing tooling like that of round or cylindrical.

Process Control Challenges 

In the reverse deep drawing process, achieving precise control over the forming process can be very difficult. This is especially due to intricate shapes. More difficult designs may result in variations in dimensional accuracy. This can affect dimensional consistency across produced parts.

Limited Application 

While the reverse deep drawing process offers advantages for certain geometries. It may not be a suitable process for all applications. For example, shallow drawing depths and simple geometries may not benefit significantly from this process as the cost associated with tooling will not be justified. This makes reverse deep drawing less versatile compared to conventional deep drawing methods.

Increased Setup Time 

Setting up the equipment like dies, plunger and setting sheet for reverse deep drawing can be more time consuming compared to other deep drawing processes like round and cylindrical. Due to the complexity of the tooling and the need for precise alignment and adjustment.

Risk of Wrinkling 

During reverse deep drawing there is a risk of wrinkling or tearing of the material. This is  especially in regions with sharp corners or complex geometries. Complex geometries require careful process optimization and control to minimize these defects.



Industrial application of reverse deep drawing process

Reverse deep drawing process has applications in various industries. It is used to draw complex shapes with high precision and quality. Some common applications include.

Automotive Industry

Reverse deep drawing process can be utilized in the automotive industry for part manufacturing. It can be used for drawing components such as complex shaped custom fuel tanks, custom exhaust systems, airbag housings and other structural components. All these parts usually require intricate geometries with tight tolerances. This can only be achieved effectively through a reverse deep drawing process.

Aerospace Industry

In the aerospace industry, reverse deep drawing is employed for fabricating parts and different engine components. These components include custom engine housings, special ducting systems and different structural elements used in the aerospace industry with complex shapes and lightweight designs. The deep drawing process allows for the production of the parts in a manner that meets stringent performance and reliability requirements.


Consumer Electronics

Reverse deep drawing process can be used for the  production of several consumer electronic devices. These devices include mobile phone housings, camera bodies, and audio equipment enclosures. The deep drawing process enables manufacturers to draw sleek and compact designs with very high precision over dimensions and deliver smooth surface finishes.

Medical Devices

For the medical device industy, the reverse deep drawing process can be used to manufacture different components. These include surgical instrument casings, different implantable device housings and different diagnostic equipment enclosures. The deep drawing process ensures the production of high quality sterile and biocompatible parts. Deep drawing processes also ensure intricate features for medical applications.


Reverse Deep Drawing with JCL

JCL offers you the best value of its client time and money. With all the latest machines, technology and advanced deep drawing setup, JCL offers the best combination of high tech manufacturing with affordable cost. JCL has a dedicated workshop just for Deep Drawing and all workers are highly qualified and trained to deliver excellence. 


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